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Kendo 2003
Click on the picture and you are
brought to the Berner University
with wonderful illustrations of standard Berner Sennen
Flott berner gutt - Kendo til Hilde Berntsen

(Berner Sennenhund, Dürrbächler)
FCI-Standard No 45

Origin:
Switzerland

Date of Publication of the valid Original Standard:
March 12, 1993 --------------------------------------------------UPDATED

VERSION

Utilization:
Originally used as a guard and draught dog and for driving cattle in the Kanton Bern; today also multi purpose, companion and family dog

FCI-Classification:
Group 2 (Pinscher and Schnauzer type - Molossian type and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs)
Section 3 (Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs)
Without working trial

Brief historical summary
The Bernese Mountain Dog is a farm dog of ancestral origin which was used as a guard and draught dog and for driving cattle in the prealpine regions and in the midland areas around Bern. Originally he was named "Dürrbächler" according to the name of the hamlet and of the inn of Dürrbach, near Riggisberg, where this longhaired tricoloured farm dog was especially appreciated
In 1902, 1904 and 1907 subjects of this breed were exhibited at dog shows. In 1907 a few breeders of the region of Burgdorf decided to promote the pure breeding of this native dog by founding the "Schweizerische Dürrbach-Klub" and fixing the characteristic traits of the breed in a first standard. In 1910, at the invitation of the "Dürrbach-Klub", there were already 107 subjects shown by the farmers at this very special event.
From that day onward this dog, renamed "Bernese Mountain Dog" (following the example of other breeds of Swiss Mountain Dogs) became rapidly known all over Switzerland and Southern Germany. Today the Bernese Mountain Dog is well known and appreciated all over the world as a companion and family dog thanks to its striking tricoloured coat and its great adaptability.

General appearance
Longhaired tricoloured working dog, of above medium size, sturdily built, yet agile; well balanced in all parts

Important proportions:
Height at withers : length of body = 9 : 10
compact rather than long

Behavior - Temperament:
Self confident, attentive, vigilant, fearless in situations of every day life, good natured and devoted to his own people, self-assured and friendly towards strangers; of average and docile temperament

Head:
strong; skull viewed from front and in profile very slightly rounded; facial-cranial depression (stop) well defined without being too pronounced; frontal furrow slightly marked

Nose: black
Muzzle: strong, of medium length; nasal bridge straight
Lips: not much developed; well fitting to the jaws; with black pigmentation
Mouth: strong, complete dentition, scissor bite
Eyes: dark brown, almond shaped, with well fitting eyelids
Ears: triangular shape, slightly rounded at the tip, set high, medium sized, in repose hanging flat and close to the head

Neck:
strong, muscular, of medium length

Body:
compact and sturdy
Back: firm, straight and level
Loins: broad and strong
Rump: slightly rounded
Chest: broad and deep, reaching to the elbows; forechest well developed; chest and ribcage of wide-oval cross-section
Belly: not tucked up
Tail: bushy, reaching at least to the hocks; hanging straight down when at rest; carried level with back or slightly above when moving

Limbs

Forequarters:
Rather wide apart, straight and parallel
Shoulders: shoulder-blades long, strong and well laid back, forming a not too open angle with the upper arm, well attached to the chest, well muscled
Pasterns: almost vertical (or very slightly oblique), firm
Feet: short, round and tightly bunched; well arched toes

Hindquarters:
Seen from the rear straight and not too narrow; hocks and feet neither turning in nor out; dewclaws must be removed
Thighs: rather long, strong, broad and well muscled, with well bent stifles
Hocks: strong, well angulated

Gait/Movement
Sound and balanced movement in all gaits covering a lot of ground; free stride reaching well out in front, with plenty of drive from behind; at the trot coming and going, legs moving forward straight and parallel

Coat

Hair:
Long, smooth or slightly wavy

Color:
Jet black with rich tan markings on cheeks, over the eyes, on all four legs and on the chest, and with white markings as follows:

Size
Males 64 - 70 cm at withers, ideal size 66 - 68 cm
Females: 58 - 66 cm at withers, ideal size 60 - 63 cm

Faults
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault which should be penalized in proportion to its seriousness and importance

Disqualifying faults:

N.B. Males should have two apparently normally developed testicles fully descended into the scrotum.